As a urologist, Saeid Shamsian, MD, has addressed urinary incontinence in both male and female patients. Dr. Saeid Shamsian developed an in-depth knowledge of the causes and treatments of this condition over the course of his 25 years in practice.

Urinary incontinence, or the lack of ability to control one’s bladder, may have a number of causes. Lifestyle choices, such as the intake of alcohol, caffeine, sweeteners, or spices, may stimulate the bladder and cause the body to produce more urine, thus challenging the body’s ability to expel waste appropriately. The onset of incontinence may also result from a urinary tract infection, which irritates bladder tissue and may prompt leakage. Similarly, an infection or an abnormal contracting of the urethra may lead to the loss of urinary control. Damage to the nerves may also be a primary cause of incontinence.

In men, enlargement of the prostate may have an effect on the ability to control urination. Women in turn may find that childbirth, pregnancy, or menopause may weaken the bladder and lead to a condition known as urinary stress incontinence, which causes loss of control in particular situations. Men may develop this condition as well, although they are half as susceptible to its effects as women. For both genders, incontinence may arise as a side effect of other, more serious conditions, including bladder cancer, epilepsy, diabetes, or spinal cord injury. In all cases, only a physician can appropriately diagnose and determine cause.